1. Biodata


Name: Frederick A. Ochieng' Otieno

Nationality: Kenyan 

Type of Registration: Professional Engineer,

Engineering Council of South Africa (ECSA) Reg No.: 950609

Identity Number: 0679446

Address and Current Position:

Vice Chancellor (as from 1st December 2013): 

Masinde Muliro University Of Science and Technology

P.O. Box 190-50100 Kakamega, 

Kakamega.

Phone no: 056-31375

02. Academic

1. September 1976 – July 1979

Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering, Upper Second Honours, 

University of Nairobi, Kenya.

2. October 1980 – October 1981

Master of Science in Civil Engineering (Water Resources Engineering), Dept. of Civil Engineering, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, England.

3. October 1986 – September 1989

PhD Civil Engineering (Environmental Engineering), Dept. of Civil Engineering, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, England.

4. February 1997 - September 1999

Master of Business Administration (MBA), Graduate School of Business, University of Durban-Westville, South Africa. Completed with several distinctions

5. 1998

Certificate in Performance Leadership

6. 1998

Certificate in Selection Skills

7. December 1998

Diploma in Project Management, Executive Education, Johannesburg, South Africa.

8. 1999

Certificate in Budgeting Processes and Control

9. 1999

Certificate in Labour Legislation of South Africa

10. January 1999

Qualified Environmental Auditor

11. August 2003

Certificate in “The management of University – Enterprise Partnerships and Income Generation Activities” by the UNESCO International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP), Paris, France

03. Corporate Experience

1. Interim Chairperson and Non-Executive Director of the Pikitup Board of Director, a City of Johannesburg Solid Waste Utility employing about four thousand (4000) people (2001-2003)

2. Non Executive Director of Pikitup, a City of Johannesburg Solid Waste Utility (2001-2007). 

3. Non Executive Director of Rand Water, the Largest Water Utility in Southern Africa. (2005-Now). 

4. Non Executive Director of National Roads Agency of South Africa, (2005-Nov 2011). 

5. Non Executive Director and Vice Chairperson of the Water Research Commission Board. (May 2005- May 2008)

6. Chairperson of the Board, and Non Executive Director of Brainworks Technology Incubator Ltd, A Dept of Science and Technology and Department of Trade and Industry initiated Company, Johannesburg South Africa (2002-2007)

7. Non Executive Director of Softstart BTI Technology Incubator Ltd, A Dept of Science and Technology and Department of Trade and Industry initiated Company, Johannesburg South Africa (2007-2009)

8. Non Executive Director of Busitech Pty Ltd, Johannesburg, South Africa. (2002-2003)

9. Chairperson of the Board of Directors of Bodibeng Technology Incubator Ltd, A Dept of Science and Technology and Department of Trade and Industry initiated Company, Johannesburg South Africa (March 2003-2005)

10. Board Member of the Engineering Standards Generating Body of the Engineering Council of South Africa (1999-2010)

11. Executive Board Member of the African Technology Studies Policy Network, International Development Research Centre Canada And Carnegie Corporation USA (1990-1995)

12. Attended the Two-day course on Corporate Governance issues by the Institute of Directors in Southern Africa., Johannesburg, South Africa. 

13. Member of Senate (highest decision making body at Tertiary Institutions) at the following Institutions- University of Durban-Westville (1996-1999), Technikon Southern Africa (TSA) (1999-2001) and Technikon Witwatersrand (TWR) (2001-2002) and then Technikon Pretoria, Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) (2004-2010) and Durban University of Technology (2010-now)

14. Executive Committee Member of the Faculty of Engineering at University of Durban Westville and Technikon Southern Africa (1994-2001).

15. Member of Council and Board Member of the Water Institute of Southern Africa (2000-2009).

16. President of the Water Institute of Southern Africa (WISA) (May 2007- May 2008).

17. Executive Committee Member and Chairperson of the Faculty of Engineering Board at TWR (2001-2003), Pretoria Technikon (2003- 2004), Tshwane University of Technology (2004-2010)

18. Member of the University Executive Management Committee, Durban University of Technology, South Africa (2010-now)

19. Governing Council Member of the African Network of Scientific and Technological Institutions (ANSTI) of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), (2003- Now)

20. Member of the Council Transformation Committee, Engineering Council of South Africa (ECSA), (2010-now)

21. Member of the Council Strategic Advisory Committee, Engineering Council of South Africa (ECSA), (2010-now)

04. Professional Experience

1. Rated Scientist and Researcher (C1 Rated) with the National Research Foundation (NRF) in South Africa.

2. Professional Engineer, (PrEng) Engineering Council of South Africa (ECSA).

3. Chartered Engineer, (CEng), Engineering Council of the United Kingdom (UK).

4. Registered Engineer, (REng), Engineers Registration Board of Kenya 

5. Corporate Member of the Institution of Water and Environmental Management (MCIWEM), UK.

6. Fellow of the South Africa Institution of Civil Engineers (FSAICE).

7. Corporate Member of the Institution of Engineers Kenya, (MIEK).

8. Senior Fellow of the Water Institute of Southern Africa (SFWISA),

9. Senior Fellow of the Institute of Waste Management, (SFIWM), SA.

10. Corporate Member of the Institution of Municipal Engineering of South Africa.

05. Employment/Research Experience

1. July 1979 - September 1980:

Design Engineer, Kenya Consulting Engineers, Nairobi, Kenya.

2. October 1981 - March 1982:

Research Assistant at the Water and WasteWater Engineering Research Unit, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Portsmouth Polytechnic, UK.

- Water Treatment, Wastewater Treatment,

- Reuse of Sewage for Agricultural purposes,

- Water quality Management Strategies,

- Design and Testing of Simple Hydraulic Machines,

- Supervision of Student Practicals and Projects in Water and wastewater Engineering.

3. April 1982 - March 1990:

Research Fellow/Design Engineer at the Appropriate Technology Centre, Nairobi, Kenya.

- Design and Construction supervision of various civil engineering projects 

- Lecturing and supervision of students’ projects.

- Involved in research and consultancy in Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, Engineering Management, Science and Technology and various aspects of Appropriate Technology, including the following:

 Water Resources Management

 Engineering Management,

 Project Management,

 Water and Wastewater Treatment,

 Water Quality Management,

 Low Cost Water Supply and Sanitation,

 Solid Wastes Management and Treatment,

 Science and Technology Education,

 Innovation and competitiveness in Industry

 Low Cost Building Materials,

 Energy Technologies.

4. April 1990 - August 1994:

Lecturer in Civil Engineering (Water Resources & Environmental Engineering) Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

5. April 1990 - August 1994: 

Senior Design Engineer and Consultant (Water Resources Engineering and Environmental Management) Environmental Management Consultants. (Partner and Consultant)

6. September 1994 - December 1996:

Senior Lecturer in Civil Engineering, (Water Resources and Environmental Engineering), and Co-ordinator of Masters Programme in Water and Environmental Management, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, Durban, South Africa.

7. January 1997 – October 1999:

Professor of Civil Engineering, (Water Resources and Environmental Engineering), and Co-ordinator of Masters Programme in Water and Environmental Management, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, Durban, South Africa.

8. August 1996 – October 1999:

Professor and Head of Department of Civil Engineering University of Durban Westville, Durban, South Africa.

9. November 1999 – August 2001:

Executive Director of Engineering and Professor of Civil Engineering, Technikon SA, Florida, Johannesburg, South Africa.

10. September 2000:

Professor of Civil Engineering Department of Civil Engineering, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa, (Did not take up appointment although formally interviewed and offered the position)

11. September 2001 to Feb 2003:

Executive Dean of Faculty of Engineering and Professor of Civil Engineering, Witwatersrand Technikon, Johannesburg, South Africa.

12. March 2003 till Dec 2003:

Dean of Faculty of Engineering and Professor of Civil Engineering, Pretoria Technikon, Pretoria, South Africa.

13. January 2004 till March 2010:

Executive Dean of Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment and Professor of Civil Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa.

14. April 2010 till February 2014:

Deputy Vice Chancellor: Technology, Innovation and Partnerships, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa.

15. Vice Chancellor,

Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kenya.

06. Professional Engagements

1. Member of the Editorial Board of Water SA from April 2005 to April 2008 (A Three year Term)

2. Engineering Editor of the African Journal of Science and Technology (AJST), Science and Engineering Series, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). From January 2006 to July 2009.

07. Professional Courses Attended

1. April 1990:

Training Course on Use of Computers for R & D Management for Developing Countries, WAIIRO and KIRDI, Mombasa, Kenya.

2. March 1991:

The Law of the Environment: Current Issues and New Directions. The British Council, Windsor, London, United Kingdom.

3. February 1992:

Mathematical Modelling of Groundwater Resources. Commonwealth Science Council and National Council of Science and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya.

4. November 1993:

Advanced Training Course on Water and Environmental Protection in Africa, Harare, Zimbabwe.

5. July 1994:

Advanced International Course on National Conditions for the Successful Implementation of Environmental Protection Programmes in Africa - A Prerequisite for a Sustainable Environmental Policy, Berlin, Germany.

6. October 1994:

Advanced Training Course in Water Pollution Control and Management, Arusha, Tanzania.

7. December 1998:

Diploma in Project Management, Executive Education, Johannesburg, South Africa.

8. March 2002

Attended the Two-day course on Corporate Governance issues by the Institute of Directors in Southern Africa., Johannesburg, South Afric

08. Publications: Book Chapters

1. Adeyemo JA, Olofintoye O and Otieno FAO (2013). A combined Pareto differential evolution approach for multi-objective optimization. In Studies in Computational Intelligence book series of Springer. Vol. 500, 2014, pp 213-231.

2. Adeyemo JA, Olofintoye O and Otieno FAO (2012). Impact of regional climate change on freshwater resources and operation of Vanderkloof dam in South Africa. Book Chapter in “Global Warming”, ISBN 979-953-307-820-4.

3. Olofintoye O, Adeyemo JA and Otieno FAO (2012). Evolutionary algorithms for water resources management. Book Chapter in Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing book Series by Springer. EVOLVE – A Bridge between Probability, AISC 175, pp, 491-504. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012.

4. Dzwairo, B., Ochieng, GM., Letsoalo, ME and Otieno FAO (2011). Data Reduction for Water Quality Modelling, Vaal Basin. Chapter in Book Scientific and Engineering Applications using MATLAB (Edited by Leite, EP) Published by InTech, ISBN 978-953-307-659-1.

09. Publications: Papers in Professional Refereed Journals

1. Otieno, FAO, Ojo, OI and Ochieng GM (2013). Land cover change assessment of the Vaal harts irrigation scheme using multi-temporal satellite data. Journal: Journal of Archives of Environmental Protection, Poland. ISI 2013 approved list. Status: Accepted.

2. Oluwaseun Oyebode, Josiah Adeyemo and Fred Otieno (2014). Performance comparison of two data-driven modelling techniques for long term streamflow prediction using limited datasets. Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering (SAICE). Accepted.

3. Afolayan, S.O., Adeyemo J. A., Otieno F. A. O. and Ojo O. I. (2014). Hydrological characterization of twelve water catchments in Nigeria. American Journal of Engineering Research, e-ISSN : 2320-0847 p-ISSN : 2320-0936 Volume-03, Issue-02, pp-248-252.

4. Adeyemo J. A., Otieno F. A. O. and Ojo O. I. (2014). Analysis of Temperature and Rainfall Trends in Vaal-Harts Irrigation Scheme, South Africa. American Journal of Engineering Research, e-ISSN : 2320-0847 p-ISSN : 2320-0936 Volume-03, Issue-02, pp-265-269.

5. Oyebode O. K., J. A. Adeyemo and F. A. O. Otieno (2014). Monthly streamflow prediction with limited hydro-climatic variables in the upper Mkomazi River, South Africa using genetic programming. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin. Vol. 23(3). pp 708 – 719.

6. Oyebode O. K., J. A. Adeyemo and F. A. O. Otieno (2014). Review of three data-driven modelling techniques for hydrological modelling and forecasting. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin. Vol 23(6).

7. O. Olofintoye, Adeyemo J. A. and FAO Otieno (2013). Precipitation-Runoff Process Modeling using Artificial Neural Networks. Scientific Research and Essays. Accepted.

8. G. M. Ochieng, O. I. Ojo, F. A. O. Otieno and B. Mwaka (2013). Use of remote sensing and geographical information system (GIS) for salinity assessment of Vaal-Harts irrigation scheme, South Africa. Environmental Systems Research 2013, 2(4) 1-12.

9. F. A. O. Otieno, O. I. Ojo, G. M. Ochieng (2013). Land cover change assessment of Vaal Harts irrigation scheme using multi-temporal satellite data. Archives of environmental protection. Vol. 39 no. 4 pp. 59 – 70.

10. Otieno F.A.O. and Adeyemo J.A. (2013). Performance evaluation of multi objective differential evolution algorithm (MDEA) strategies. International Journal of Physical Sciences Vol. 8(9), pp. 315-326, 9 March, 2013

11. B. Dzwairo, F. A. O. Otieno, G. M. Ochieng’ and J. J. Bezuidenhout (2012). Raw Water Quality Weight Factors: Vaal basin, South Africa. Water Science and Technology Vol. 66(5), 1061 – 1068.

12. Bloodless Dzwairo, Fred A. O. Otieno and George M. Ochieng. 2011. Towards a more sustainable surface raw water tariff structure in the Vaal basin: A situational analysis. International Journal of the Physical Sciences Vol. 6(29), pp. 6751 – 6758.

13. Otieno F.A.O. and Adeyemo J.A. (2011). Multi-objective cropping pattern in the Vaalharts irrigation scheme. African Journal of Agricultural Research. Vol. 6(6), pp. 1286 – 1294.

14. Odinga C., Otieno FAO and Adeyemo JA (2011). Investigating the Effectiveness of Aquatic Plants (Echinocloa L and Cyperus L) in Removing Nutrients from Wastewater: The Case of Chemelil Constructed Wetland- Kenya. International Journal of the Physical Sciences Vol. 6(16), pp. 3960–3970, 18 August, 2011.

15. Wekesa, BW., Otieno FAO and Steyn GS (2011). A Review of Physical and Socio Economic Characteristics and Intervention Approaches of Informal Settlements. Habitat International Journal, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2011. Pp. 238 – 245.

16. Otieno, F.A.O, Olufayo, O.A, and Ochieng, G.M. (2011). Sand water storage: Unconventional methods to freshwater augmentation in isolated rural communities of South Africa. Scientific Research and Essays.Vol.6 (9) pp.1885-1890.

17. Olufayo, O.A, Ochieng G.M, Ndambuki, J.M, and Otieno F.A.O. (2011). One-dimensional finite difference approach for sedimentation process in sand filled reservoirs. International Journal of the Physical Sciences. Vol.6 (7), pp. 1635-1642.

18. Dzwairo, B., Otieno, F. A. O., Ochieng', G. M. 2010. Making a case for systems thinking approach to integrated water resources management (IWRM). International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering Vol.1 (5), pp. 107-113, July, 2010.

19. Dzwairo, B., Otieno, F. A. O., Ochieng', G. M. 2010. Incorporating surface raw water quality into the cost chain for water services: Vaal catchment, South Africa. Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment, 14(1), 29-35.

20. Masukume, M., Eskandarpour, A., M.S. Onyango, O. Aoyi and Otieno FAO (2010). Treating High Nitrate Groundwater Using Surfactant Modified Zeolite In Fixed Bed Column. Journal of Separation Science and Technology, ISSN 0149-6395, 2010.

21. Dzwairo, B., Otieno, F. A. O. 2010. Integrating quality and cost of surface raw water: Upper and Middle Vaal Water Management Areas South Africa. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply, 10(2), 201–207.

22. October 2010: (With Mike Masukume, Maurice S. Onyango, Ochieng Aoyi). Functionalized Natural Zeolite and Its Potential for Treating Drinking Water Containing Excess Amount of Nitrate. Water SA, Vol 36 No 5, 1- .

23. September 2010: (with Adeyemo JA, Bux F.). Differential evolution algorithm for crop planning: Single and multi-objective optimization model. International Journal of International Journal of the Physical Sciences 5(10): 1592-1599. 

24. July 2010: (with Murutu, C, M.S. Onyango, O. Aoyi). Adsorption of Fluoride on Limestone Derived Apatite. The International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development, 1(3), 13 –22, July – September 2010.

25. July 2010: (with Adeyemo JA, Adeyemo FE). Assessment of pollutant loads of runoff in Pretoria, South Africa. International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development, 1(3), 1-12, July-September 2010.

26. July 2010: (With Bloodless Dzwairo, GM Ochieng). Making a case for systems thinking approach to integrated water resources management (IWRM) International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering Vol.1 (5), pp.107-113, July 2010.

27. April 2010: (With BW Wekesa, GS Steyn). The response of Common building construction technologies to the urban poor and their environment. Building and Environment (2010), doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2010.04.019.

28. March 2010: (With Bloodless Dzwairo, GM Ochieng). Incorporating Surface Raw Water Quality into the Cost Chain for Water Services: Vaal Catchment, South Africa, Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment, Volume 14(1), March 2010.

29. January 2010 (With Adeyemo J. A.). Differential evolution algorithm for solving multi-objective crop planning model. Agricultural Water Management @ Elsevier, 97 (2010) 848–856.

30. January 2010: (With VO Ojijo, MS Onyango, A Ochieng,). Decolourization of Melanoidin Containing Wastewater Using South African Coal Fly Ash. International Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering. 2(1) (2010) 17-23.

31. September 2009: (With TY Leswifi, MS Onyango, O Aoyi, FAO Otieno). The Dynamic Adsorption Behaviour of Fluoride onto Surface-Tailored Zeolite. Journal of Civil Engineering Research and Practice. 6 ( 2) (2009).

32. September 2009: (With Adeyemo J. A.). Strategies of differential evolution for optimum cropping pattern. Trends in Applied Sciences Research. 5(1): 1-15.

33. September 2009: (With Adeyemo J. A.). Optimum crop planning using multi-objective differential evolution algorithm (MDEA). Journal of Applied Sciences. 9(21): 3780-3791.

34. September 2009: (With Adeyemo J. A.). Multi-objective differential evolution algorithm (MDEA) for solving engineering problems. Journal of Applied Sciences. Vol. 9(20), pp. 3652-3661, September, 2009. ISSN 1812-5654.

35. August 2009: (With O Taiwo, Kobus Vorster and Marie Fowler). Integrated Solid Waste Management: An innovative and Pragmatic approach to solving dwindling landfill capacity in Johannesburg. South African Institution of Civil Engineering, Civil Engineering, Vol. 17, No. 7, pp 6-9, August 2009. 

36. June 2009: (With GM Ochieng, Huzefa Haji and Bloodless Dzwairo) Integrated water Management of the Vaal River Catchment, South African Institution of Civil Engineering, Civil Engineering, Vol 17, No. 5, pp 37-40, June 2009.

37. April 2009: (With Adeyemo J. A.). Optimising planting areas using differential evolution (DE) and linear programming (LP). International Journal of Physical Sciences, Vol. 4(4), pp. 212-220, April, 2009. 

38. January 2009: (with Onyango, M S., T. Y. Leswifi, Aoyi, O., D. Kuchar and H. Matsuda.). Breakthrough Analysis for Water Defluridation using Surface Tailored Zeolite in a Fixed Bed Column. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol 48, pp 931-937, January 2009, DOI, 10, 1021, High Quality. High Impact Journal.

39. February 2009: (With Ochieng’, G.M.). Data-based mechanistic modelling of stochastic rainfall-flow processes by state dependent parameter estimation. Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 24 (2), February 2009, 279 – 284.

40. December 2008: (With Ochieng’, G.M.). Data-based mechanistic approach to modelling of daily rainfall-flow relationship: a case of the Upper Vaal water management area: Journal for New Generation Sciences (JNGS), Vol 6 No. 1, Pgs 41-58., ISBN 1684 4998.

41. November 2008: (With Taiwo, O.E. and Venter, C.).Towards attaining the Polokwane Waste Reduction Goals –Where Are We? Town and Regional Planning Journal. Issue No 53. November: 26 – 32. Bloemfontein, South Africa: Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of the Free State. 

42. December 2006: (With JM Ndambuki). Sustainable groundwater resources use through efficient allocation. Journal for New Generation Sciences: Vol. 4 No. 2 (2006) pp 34-45, ISBN 16844998

43. January 2006: (With GMM Ochieng). Verification of Wegelin’s design Criteria for Horizontal flow roughing filters (HRFs) with alternative filter material. Water SA, Vol. 32, No. 1, ISSN 0378-4738, Pages 105-110, January 2006.

44. December 2005: (With JM Ndambuki, CBM Stoet, and EJM Veling). Decision Support Tool for Water Resources Managers in an Environment of Uncertainty. Journal of Civil Engineering Research and Practice, Vol2, No. 2, PP 77-87, December 2005.

45. October 2004: (With GMM Ochieng). Water Management tools as a means of averting a possible water scarcity in South Africa by the year 2025. Water SA, Vol. 30, No. 5 (Special Edition), ISSN 0378-4738, Pages 668-672, October 2004.

46. July 2004: (With GMM Ochieng”, TPM Ogada, SM Shitote and DM Menzwa). Performance of multistage filtration using different filter media against conventional water treatment systems. Water SA Vol. 30, No. 3, Pages 361-367, July 2004.

47. August 2003: (With JM Ndambuki, EJ Veling, T Terlaky and CBM te Stroet). An Efficient Optimization Method in Groundwater Resources Management. Water SA, Vol. 29, No. 4, Pgs , 359-363, October 2003.

48. February 2003: Climbing the Value Add Ladder in the South African Economy. Lead Editorial in Monthly Elektron, February 2003. Journal of the South African Institution of Electrical Engineers, February 2003. 

49. December 2001: (With MA Mathekgana and LK Chauke). Improvement of Environmental Health and Hygiene Practices – Case Study in the Northern Province, South Africa. Water Science and Technology, Vol. 44 No. 6, pp 109-117, IWA Publishers 2001.

50. December 2001: (With CS Magagula). Management Strategies of Odour Problems at Landfill Sites, African Journal of Science and Technology (AJST), Science and Engineering Series, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp 108-112, 2001

51. January 2000: (With JM Ndambuki, EJ Veling and CBM te Stroet). Groundwater Management Under Uncertainty: A Multiobjective Approach, Water SA, Vol. 26, No. 1, Pgs 35-42, January 2000.

52. October 2000: Transnational Movement of Hazardous Waste in Developing Countries. Chapter in Pollution Control and Waste Management in Developing Countries – Edited by Okot-Uma RWO ISBN 0-85092-557-6 Commonwealth Secretariat 2000, London UK.

53. December 1998: Urbanization and Storm Water Management: A Case Study of Nairobi, Kenya. Special Issue of Journal of African Urban Quarterly on Urban Environmental Problems in Africa, Vol. 9 Nos. 3 and 4 August and November 1994.

54. July 1996: "Masinga Reservoir in Kenya: Sediment Discharge and Implications for its Capacity", International Journal of Sediment Research, Vol. I 1, No.3, Pg. 25-33, December 1996.

55. June 1996: *(With J.G. Ndiritu). "The Effect of Serial Correlation on Reservoir Capacity Using the Modified Gould's Probability Matrix (MGPN) Method", Water SA, Vol. 23 No. 1, Pg. 63-70, January 1997.

56. January 1996: "Anaerobic Digestion of Wastewaters with High Strength Sulphates", Discovery and Innovation, Vol. 8, No. 2, Pg. 130-136. Journal of the African Academy of Sciences (AAS), and the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS).

57. January 1996: "Toxicity Effects of Propionate on Two Mixed Culture Digesters", Discovery and Innovation, Vol. 8, No. 1, Pg. 85 - 91. Journal of the African Academy of Sciences (AAS), and the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS).

58. September 1994: *Urbanization and Storm Water Management: A Case Study of Nairobi, Kenya. Special Issue of Journal of African Urban Quarterly on Urban Environmental Problems in Africa, Vol. 9 Nos. 3 and 4 August and November 1994.

59. September 1994: *Nairobi River: Can the Pollution Level be Reduced? Special Issue of Journal of African Urban Quarterly on Urban Environmental Problems in Africa, Vol. 9 Nos. 3 and 4 August and November 1994.

60. September 1994: *"Urban Environmental Problems in Africa: An Editorial" Special Issue of Journal of African Urban Quarterly on Urban Environmental Problems in Africa, Vol. 9 Nos. 3 and 4 August and November 1994.

61. September 1994: "Comparative Study between an Acidogenic and a Mixed Culture Digester in the Presence of High Concentrations of Propionate- Prototype Results", East African Journal of Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 2, Pg. 78 - 86. Technical Publication of the African Network of Scientific and Technological Institutions (ANSTI), Arusha, Tanzania.

62. August 1994: Editor, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Rainwater Harvesting, Nairobi, Kenya (Refereed).

63. February 1994: "Stabilization of Solid Wastes through Leachate Recycling", Waste Management and Research, (1994) Vol. 12, 93- 100, The Journal of the International Solid Wastes and Public Cleansing Association, (ISWA), Denmark.

64. March 1993: Editor, Proceedings of the Second National Conference on Rainwater Harvesting, Kenya (Refereed). Assessment of Pollution Status of Nairobi River, Water and Sanitation News, Vol. 1, No. 9, Pgs 6 - 7, April, 1993.

65. December 1992: Quality of Urban Runoff in Nairobi, Water and Sanitation News, Vol. 1, No. 8, Pgs 2 -3, Dec. 1992.

66. October 1992: "Comparative Study between an Acidogenic and a Mixed Culture Digester in the Presence of High Concentrations of Propionate- Laboratory Results", African Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 10, No. 2, Pg. 33 - 41, Technical Publication of the African Network of Scientific and Technological Institutions (ANSTI).

67. October 1992: "Two Phase Digestion of Solid Wastes - Theory and Laboratory Investigations", The African Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 10, No. 2, Pg. 22 - 26, Technical Publication of the African Network of Scientific and Technological Institutions (ANSTI).

68. September 1992 - September 1994: *Guest Editor of Special Issue of the African Urban Quarterly Journal on "Urban Environmental Problems in Africa."(Refereed)

69. May 1992: *"Solid Wastes Management in Nairobi: What are the Prospects for the Future?", African Urban Quarterly, Vol. 7, Nos. I & 2, Pg 142149, May 1992, An International Journal on Problems of Urbanization.

70. March 1991: "Chief Sources of Water Pollution in Kenya", Journal of the Institute of Management, Pg 42-46, Vol. I 0, No. 3, March 1991.

71. February 1991: Science and Technology Policy: The Role of Engineers, Pg 19, Kenya Engineer, Journal of the Institution of Engineers of Kenya, Vol. 111, No. 1, Jan/Feb 1991.

10. Publications: Papers In Refereed Proceedings Of International Conferences

1. Olofintoye O. O., J. A. Adeyemo and Otieno F. A. O. (2014). Real-Time Hydropower Generation from the Vanderkloof Dam, South Africa. Paper accepted for presentation at the Conference of the International Journal of Arts and Sciences, 19 – 22 May, 2014, held at Ryerson University’s International Learning Center at 240 Jarvis Street, Toronto Toronto, Canada.

2. Oluwaseun Oyebode, Josiah Adeyemo and Fred Otieno (2014). Uncertainty Sources in Modelling Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources. Paper accepted for presentation at the Conference of the International Journal of Arts and Sciences, 19 – 22 May, 2014, held at Ryerson University’s International Learning Center at 240 Jarvis Street, Toronto Toronto, Canada. 

3. O. I Nkwonta, F. A. O Otieno, B. Dzwairo, and J. A. Adeyemo (2013). Optimising Reservoir Operation Rule Curve at Inanda Dam. International Conference on Water, Energy and Environmental Management in Paris, 29th – 30th April 2013. pISSN 2010-376, eISSN 2010-3778. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 76 2013. 

4. N.T. Mhlongo, F.A.O. Otieno and G.M. Ochieng (2012). Utility problems aggravated by unaccounted for water: case study Sandspruit Works Association. Proceedings of Water Institute of Southern Africa Biennial Conference and Exhibition (ISBN:978-0-9802623-8-4), 05 – 09 May, 2012, Cape Town, South Africa.

5. Otieno FAO and Adeyemo J. A. (2012). Accessibility of pupils to drinking water in Kwazulu-Natal rural schools. Proceedings of Water Institute of Southern Africa Biennial Conference and Exhibition (ISBN:978-0-9802623-8-4), 05 – 09 May, 2012, Cape Town, South Africa.

6. Olofintoye O.O., Adeyemo J. A. and Otieno FAO (2012). Artificial neural networks for precipitation-runoff process modeling. Proceedings of Water Institute of Southern Africa Biennial Conference and Exhibition (ISBN:978-0-9802623-8-4), 05 – 09 May, 2012, Cape Town, South Africa.

7. Fred AO Otieno, Bloodless Dzwairo. 2012. Best Practices in Water Sector Governance for Improved Service Delivery. Presentation made to the 6th Annual Water Sector Conference: Defining the Future Outlook of the Water Sector in Line with the Constitution of Kenya (2010), 28 - 29 March 2012, KICC, Kenya.

8. Bloodless Dzwairo, Fredrick Otieno, George Ochieng. 2012. Rule-based agents for 7-days-ahead forecasting of chemical dosages. Proceedings of the Water Institute of Southern Africa Biennial Conference and Exhibition, 2012, South Africa. May 6 - 10, 2012, Cape Town, South Africa.

9. T.D. Banda, B. Dzwairo, G.M. Ochieng’, F.A.O. Otieno. 2012. Analysis of the Gazetted Pricing Strategy for Raw Water Use Charges in South Africa. Abstract accepted for oral presentation at the 13th WaterNet/WARFSA/ GWP-SA International Symposium on Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) in association with the International Commission on Water Resources Systems of the IAHS, 31 October – 2 November 2012, Birchwood Hotel, Johannesburg, South Africa.

10. B. Dzwairo, F.A.O. Otieno, G.M. Ochieng', I. Nhapi. 2012. An integrative system thinking approach to cluster research in the Vaal basin, South Africa. Abstract accepted for oral presentation at the 13th WaterNet/WARFSA/GWP-SA International Symposium on Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) in association with the International Commission on Water Resources Systems of the IAHS, 31 October – 2 November 2012, Birchwood Hotel, Johannesburg, South Africa

11. Bloodless Dzwairo, Fredrick Otieno, George Ochieng’. 2011. Ecological Functionality of the Upper and Middle Vaal Water Management Areas. Proceedings of the 3rd Municipal Water Quality Conference, Cape Town International Conference Centre, 27 June – 1 July, South Africa

12. B. Dzwairo, F.A.O. Otieno, G.M. Ochieng'. 2011. Rule-set based Water Quality Index for the Vaal basin, South Africa. Proceedings of the 12th WaterNet/WARFSA/GWP-SA Symposium: ‘IWRM: Harnessing the Rivers of Knowledge for Socio-Economic Development, Climate Adaptation & Environmental Sustainability, 26 - 28 October 2011, Maputo, Mozambique.

13. Taiwo OE and Otieno FAO (2011). Comparative Study of Solid Waste Management practices for Selected Cities in Africa. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, S. Margharita di Pula, Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy. 3-7 October, 2011 Edited by Cossu, R., He, P., Kjeldsen, P., Matsufuji, Y., Reinhart, D and Stegman, R. CISA Publisher 978-88-6265-000-7.

14. Otieno FAO., Dzwairo, B., 2011. Water Pricing as a Strategy to Sustainable Water Management in South Africa - Case of the Vaal River system. Abstract accepted to the Singapore International Water Week Convention, 4 - 8 July 2011, Singapore.

15. Otieno FAO and Taiwo OE (2011). Towards Sustainable Waste Management: Household Habits with Respect to Waste Disposal. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, S. Margharita di Pula, Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy. 3-7 October, 2011 Edited by Cossu, R., He, P., Kjeldsen, P., Matsufuji, Y., Reinhart, D and Stegman, R. CISA Publisher 978-88-6265-000-7

16. Olufayo, O.A, Ochieng G.M, Ndambuki, J.M, and Otieno F.A.O. (2011). A Process-based model for fluidized bed in sand filled reservoirs. World Environmental & Water Resources Congress 2011: Bearing Knowledge for Sustainability. California USA. pp 1705-1717

17. July 2010: (With Adeyemo J. A.). Multi-objective differential evolution (MDEA) for groundwater management. Proceeding of Young Water Professionals Conference of International Water Association (IWA), 5 – 7 July, 2010, Sydney, Australia.

18. June 2010: (With Adeyemo J. A.). Maximization of hydropower using strategies of differential evolution. Proceeding of Ontario International Development Agency (OIDA) summer congress 22 -25 June, 2010, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario, CANADA.

19. June 2010: (With Adeyemo J. A.). Maximum irrigation benefit using multi-objective differential evolution algorithm (MDEA). Proceeding of Ontario International Development Agency (OIDA) summer congress 22 -25 June, 2010, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario, CANADA.

20. April 2010: (With Katlego Setshedi, M. S. Onyango). Nitrate Removal From Groundwater Using Modified Natural Zeolite. Proceeding of Water Institute of Southern Africa Biennial Conference and Exhibition, 18-22 April 2010, ICC, Durban.

21. April 2010: (With Mike Masukume, M. S. Onyango, Ochieng Aoyi). Nitrate Removal From Groundwater Using Modified Natural Zeolite. Proceeding of Water Institute of Southern Africa Biennial Conference and Exhibition, 18-22 April 2010, ICC, Durban.

22. April 2010: (With Cyprian S. Murutu, M. S. Onyango, Aoyi Ochieng). Investigation On Limestone-Derived Apatite As A Potential Low Cost Adsorbent For Drinking Water Defluoridation. Proceeding of Water Institute of Southern Africa Biennial Conference and Exhibition, 18-22 April 2010, ICC, Durban.

23. April 2010: (With V.O. Ojijo, M.S. Onyango, Aoyi Ochieng). A Comparative Study Of The Performance Of South African Coal Fly Ash And Carbonaceous Adsorbents In The Removal Of Melanoidin From Wastewater. (refereed, Best Paper Award) Proceeding of Water Institute of Southern Africa Biennial Conference and Exhibition, 18-22 April 2010, ICC, Durban.

24. April 2010: (With Adeyemo F. E. and Adeyemo J. A.). Stormwater pollution in agricultural areas. Proceeding of Water Institute of Southern Africa Biennial Conference and Exhibition, 18-22 April 2010, ICC, Durban

25. March 2010: (With Adeyemo J. A. & Adeyemo F. E.). Application of differential evolution algorithm to groundwater management. Proceeding of OzWater ’10, Australia’s National Water Conference and Exhibition, 08 – 10 March, 2010 Organised by Australian Water Association (AWA). Brisbane, Australia. 

26. March 2010: (With Adeyemo F. E. and Adeyemo J. A.). Application of roughing filters for removal of heavy metals in stormwater. Paper presented at the OzWater ’10, Australia’s National Water Conference and Exhibition, 08 – 10 March, 2010 Organised by Australian Water Association (AWA). Brisbane, Australia. 

27. March 2010: (With Adeyemo F. E. and Adeyemo J. A.). Stormwater pollution in rural areas. Poster presented at the OzWater ’10, Australia’s National Water Conference and Exhibition, 08 – 10 March, 2010 Organised by Australian Water Association (AWA). Brisbane, Australia. 

28. November 2009: (With Adeyemo J. A. and Adeyemo FE). Pollutant loads of runoff in Pretoria, South Africa. Proceeding of 2009 Water, Innovation, Technology & Sustainability (WITS) held in the city of Manaus, Brazil, State of Amazonas, November 23-24, 2009. 

29. November 2009: (With Adeyemo J. A.). Application of differential evolution (DE) to storm water network design. Proceeding of 2009 Water, Innovation, Technology & Sustainability (WITS) held in the city of Manaus, State of Amazonas, Brazil, November 23-24, 2009.

30. November 2009: (With TY Leswifi, MS Onyango and G Carja). Magnetic Nanostructure Metal Oxide and Layered Double Hydroxide for Pb(II) Removal From Aqueous Solution. SETAC Africa "International Conference on Environmental Pollution and Toxicology in Africa: Status and Strategies for Sustainable Environmental Quality" 2-5 November 2009, Kampala, Uganda

31. November 2009: (With Adeyemo J. A. and Adeyemo FE). Water borne diseases in some villages in the Gauteng province of South Africa. Proceeding of the University of Oklahoma International Water Conference. October 26 – 27, 2009. Norman, Oklahoma, United States.

32. November 2009: (With Adeyemo J. A. and Adeyemo FE). Home water treatment systems and devices in the rural areas of South Africa. Proceeding of the University of Oklahoma International Water Conference. October 26 – 27, 2009. Norman, Oklahoma, United States.

33. October 2009: (With M Denga, MS Onyango and O Aoyi). Defluoridation of drinking water using f-9 Zeolite, maize tassel, schwertmannite and limestone” The 8th International Conference on Urban Health (ICUH), October 18-23, 2009, Nairobi, Kenya.

34. September 2009: (With VO Ojijo, MS Onyango and A Ochieng). Adsorption of melanoidin on activated carbon: equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics studies. Proceedings of the International Conference on Chemical Engineering and Technology, Singapore 2009. pp 285 – 294.

35. September 2009: (with Ojo O. I. and Ochieng’ G. M.). Irrigation problems and research needs in south africa: A review of Vaal Harts irrigation scheme. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 57, Sept 23 -25, 2009. held at Amsterdam, The Netherlands. ISSN 2070-3724.

36. August 2009: (With Mike Masukume, Maurice S. Onyango and Ochieng Aoyi). Functionalizedn Nanoporous Zeolite and its Potential for Treating Drinking Water Containing Excess Amount of Nitrate. Paper Presented at the 5ND Annual International Conference at Moi University, Kenya, 4thAugust-8th August, 2009

37. August 2009: (with Olufayo O. A. and Ochieng’ G. M.). Runoff storage in sand reservoirs as an alternative source of water supply for rural and semi-arid areas of South Africa. Proceedings of World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology. Vol. 56 August 26 – 28 pg 547 – 550, Singapore 2009. ISSN: 2070-3724 

38. July 2009: (with Dzwairo, B.). Integrating quality and cost of surface raw water: Upper and Middle Vaal Water Management Areas, South Africa Paper accepted for presentation at the 2nd IWA International Conference on Water Economics, Statistics, and Finance, Thraki Palace, Alexandroupolis, Greece, 3 – 5 July, 2009. 

39. July 2009: (with Dzwairo, B.). Modelling variability of surface raw water quality in order to predict cost of water treatment. Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Knowledge Management Africa, The Meridien Presidential Hotel, Dakar, Senegal, 4 – 7 May, 2009, p33.

40. July 2009: (with Dzwairo, B.). The impact of pricing of raw water on cost of treatment and ultimately on the cost of potable water. Proceedings of the 2nd Conference on Drinking Water Quality, The Port Elizabeth Feather Market Centre, South Africa 11 – 14 May, 2009, p25.

41. March 2009: (with Adeyemo J. A.). Application of multi-objective evolution algorithm (MDEA) to irrigation planning. Proceeding of World Environmental & Water Resources Congress organised by EWRI of ASCE. Held at Marriot Downtown Hotel, Kansas City, USA. May 17 – 21, 2009.

42. March 2009: (with Adeyemo J. A.). Optimising Reservoir operation for maximum irrigation benefit. Proceeding of OzWater ’09, Australia’s National Water Conference and Exhibition, 16 – 18 March, 2009 Organised by Australian Water Association (AWA). Melbourne, Australia. 

43. March 2009: (with Adeyemo J. A.). Optimum cropping pattern using differential evolution. Proceeding of OzWater ’09, Australia’s National Water Conference and Exhibition, 16 – 18 March, 2009 Organised by Australian Water Association (AWA). Melbourne, Australia. 

44. September 2008: (with O Taiwo, Ndambuki, JM and Ochieng GM). Integrated Solid Waste Management as a Preferred Solution to Environmental Challenges- Case Study of the City of Johannesburg, South Africa, Proceedings of the 2nd International Civil Engineering Conference, pp 623-638, 23-25th September 2008, Mombasa, Kenya. ISBN 996-923-42-X 

45. September 2008: (with Ndambuki, JM and Ochieng GM). Data Based Mechanistic Modelling of Flow Concentration Dynamics of Non Point Source of Pollution: A Case Study of the Upper Vaal Water Management Area. Proceedings of the 2nd International Civil Engineering Conference, pp 449-460, 23-25th September 2008, Mombasa, Kenya. Pg. 523 – 533. ISBN 996-923-42-X. 

46. September 2008: (with Ndambuki, JM and Ochieng GM). Groundwater Pollution Control Through Multi- Objective Optimization: A Schochastic Approach, Proceedings of the 2nd International Civil Engineering Conference, pp 427-436, 23-25th September 2008, Mombasa, Kenya. ISBN 996-923-42-X 

47. September 2008: (with Leswifi, T.Y. and M.S. Onyango). Nanostructured Adsorbents for Removal and Recovery of Hazardous Anions from Industrial Wastewater. SAIChE Gauteng Branch, Rosebank, South Africa, 29th September, 2008 

48. September 2008: (With Ochieng’, G.M). Identifying Non-point source pollutant flow pathways using a simple stochastic mechanistic modeling technique: Abstract submitted for an International Conference organized and hosted by KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITET, LEUVEN, BELGIUM to be held from 15th – 19th September 2008

49. August 2008: (With Leswifi, T.Y. and M.S. Onyango). Nanostrucured Adsorbents for the Removal and Recovery of Inner-Sphere Complex-Forming Anions from Aqueous Solution. 4th Water Research Showcase hosted by Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, 15th August, 2008.

50. May 2008: (With Ochieng GM). The Challenge of Meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s) in Water and Sanitation Goals for Africa- Issues and Suggestions for Better Performance. Proceedings of the Water Institute of Southern Africa 2008 Biennial Conference and Exhibition held at the Sun City Hotel & Convention Centre from 18th – 22nd May 2008.

51. May 2008: (With Adeyemo J.A and Ndiritu J). Differential Evolution for Optimizing Irrigation Water Use. Proceedings of the Water Institute of Southern Africa 2008 Biennial Conference and Exhibition held at the Sun City Hotel & Convention Centre from 18th – 22nd May 2008.

52. May 2008: (With Ochieng GM). Data-based mechanistic approach to modelling of monthly flow-concentration relationship: a case of the Upper Vaal water management area: Proceedings of the Water Institute of Southern Africa 2008 Biennial Conference and Exhibition held at the Sun City Hotel & Convention Centre from 18th – 22nd May 2008.

53. November 2005: (With Ogutu Carol). Water Audit Methodology. Presented in the “Ageing Water and Infrastructure Systems Conference” held in Johannesburg, South Africa on 24-25th Nov 2005.

54. May 2006: (With Ogutu Carol). The Role of water Demand Management and Water Conservation in South Africa’s Water Service Sector. The local Government Conference in Johannesburg, South Africa on 10th- 12th May 2006 

55. May 2006: (With Ogutu Carol). Water Demand Management as an Option to Desalination in the Satisfactory Provision of Water in the Cape Metropolitan Area. Proceedings of the Water Institute of Southern Africa Biennial Conference (WISA 2006), 21-25th May 2006, Durban, South Africa.

56. May 2006: (With Ochieng GM and Ndiritu JG). Development of Simple Mechanistic Flow-Concentration Models for NPSP: A Case of Vaal River. Proceedings of the Water Institute of Southern Africa Biennial Conference (WISA 2006), 21-25th May 2006, Durban, South Africa.

57. May 2006: (With Ochieng GM and Ndiritu JG). Characterizing the Nonlinearity in Rainfall- River Flow Dynamics of a Complex River System by State Dependent Parameter Estimation. Proceedings of the Water Institute of Southern Africa Biennial Conference (WISA 2006), 21-25th May 2006, Durban, South Africa.

58. October 2005: (With Agumba, JN, and Adegoke IO). Evaluating Project Management Techniques in Small and Medium Enterprises Delivering Infrastructure in South Africa Construction Industry, 3rd Post Graduate Conference 2005 Construction Industry Development, Eskom Convention Centre, Midrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, 9-11th October 2005. PP 52-65 ISBN 0-621-36321-9.

59. October 2004: (With Phiri AH and Vorster K). Improving Rural Waste Disposal Case Study: Lebowakgomo Rural Settlement. Proceedings of Wastecon 2004, Pgs 525-531, Vol. 1 – 17th Biennial International Waste Management Congress and Exhibition, 11-15th October 2004, Sun City, South Africa.

60. October 2004: (With Venter Christa). Waste Collection Strategies for High Density, Low Income Areas: Case Study of Johannesburg, South Africa. Proceedings of Wastecon 2004, Pgs 202-210, Vol. 1 – 17th Biennial International Waste Management Congress and Exhibition, 11-15th October 2004, Sun City, South Africa.

61. October 2004: (With Venter Christa). A Proposed Framework for Sustainable Waste Management in the City of Johannesburg, South Africa. Proceedings of Wastecon 2004, Pgs 80-91, Vol. 1 – 17th Biennial International Waste Management Congress and Exhibition, 11-15th October 2004, Sun City, South Africa.

62. May 2004: (With George Ochieng). Multistage Filtration: A possible Alternative Water Treatment Technology for Rural Communities in Kenya. Proceedings of the Water Institute of Southern Africa Biennial Conference (WISA 2004), 2-6th May 2004, Cape Town, South Africa.

63. May 2004: (With George Ochieng). Modelling for Intercatchment Water Quality Management in the Vaal River: A Case of Upper, Middle and Lower Vaal Water Management Areas. Proceedings of the Water Institute of Southern Africa Biennial Conference (WISA 2004), 2-6th May 2004, Cape Town, South Africa.

64. May 2004: (With George Ochieng). Water Management Tools as a means of averting a Possible Water Scarcity in South Africa by the Year 2025. Proceedings of the Water Institute of Southern Africa Biennial Conference (WISA 2004), 2-6th May 2004, Cape Town , South Africa.

65. November 2003. (With Christa Venter). Status of Waste Management in South Africa: A Broad Overview. Proceedings of the IFME 2003 International Federation of Municipal Engineers and the Institution of Municipal Engineering of Southern Africa Congress and Exhibition, Cape Town, November 4-7th 2003 

66. October 2003. (With Agumba JN, Adegoke IO, and Fester F). Evaluating Project Management Techniques in SME’s delivering Infrastructure. A Research Project. Proceedings of the Construction Industry Development. 1st Post Graduate Conference 2003, Port Elizabeth, RSA. PP 296-301, 12-14th October 2003.

67. September 2002: (With Mvuma GG). An Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management Activities as a Potential Source of Job Creation: The Case Study of Maseru and Maputsoe Towns in Lesotho. Proceedings of Wastecon 2002, Pg 392-399, Vol 1 – Biennial Conference and Exhibition, 30th September-4th October 2002, Durban International Conference Centre, Durban, South Africa

68. September 2002: The Challenges of Privatisation of Solid Waste Management in South African Cities. Proceedings of Wastecon 2002, Pg 285-289, Vol. 1 – Biennial Conference and Exhibition, 30th September-4th October 2002, Durban International Conference Centre, Durban, South Africa

69. May 2002: (With P Mwangi). Costing Calculations of Operation and Maintenance in Community Water Supplies to Ensure Sustainability: Case Studies in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa Proceedings of the Water Institute of Southern Africa (WISA 2002) Biennial Conference and Exhibition, May 19-23rd 2002, Durban International Conference Centre, Durban, South Africa (Proceedings also available on Website and on CD Rom)

70. May 2002:(With Mzwabantu Ntuli). An Assessment of Water Supply and Sanitation Services in a Peri-Urban : Area of Umtata: Case Study Proceedings of the Water Institute of Southern Africa (WISA 2002) Biennial Conference and Exhibition, May 19-23rd 2002, Durban International Conference Centre, Durban, South Africa (Proceedings also available on Website and on CD Rom )

71. December 2001: Issues Affecting Wealth Creation and Strategies for Poverty Alleviation in African Countries. Paper presented at the Regional Workshop organised by the ILO Bureau for Workers’ Activities on “Poverty Alleviation through Social Dialogue: The Role of Trade Unions in English-speaking Countries”, Holiday Inn, Nairobi, 3-5 December 2001.

72. May 2000: (With Mathekgana MA and Chauke LK). Improvement of Environmental Health and Hygiene Practices- Case Study in the Northern Province, South Africa. Proceedings of Managing Water and Waste in the New Millennium, 23-26th May 2000, Midrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. 1B7

73. September 2000: (With Ntsele QP). Management of Used Tyres – Case Study in KwaZulu Natal Proceedings of Wastecon 2000 – Biennial Conference and Exhibition, 5-7th September 2000, Somerset West, Cape Town, South Africa

74. September 2000: (With PK Pholoto). Public Awareness as a Key to Success in Recycling and Reuse of Wastes in Informal Settlements. Proceedings of Wastecon 2000 – Biennial Conference and Exhibition, 5-7th September 2000, Somerset West, Cape Town, South Africa

75. September 2000: (With N. Dannhauser and F. Samadi). Challenges and Issues in Solid Waste Management Facing Local Authorities in the 21st Century. Proceedings of Wastecon 2000 – Biennial Conference and Exhibition, 5-7th September 2000, Somerset West, Cape Town, South Africa.

76. June 2000: (With P Saroop). An Investigation of Drinking Water Quality at Schools in Rural Areas of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. Proceedings of the Water Institute of Southern Africa (WISA 2000) Biennial Conference and Exhibition, May 28th –June 1st 2000, Sun City, South Africa (Proceedings also available on Website and on CD Rom)

77. June 2000: (With Chauke LK and Mathekgana MA). Investigations of Sanitation and Hygiene Practices in Selected Rural Areas of the Northern Province, South Africa. Proceedings of the Water Institute of Southern Africa (WISA 2000) Biennial Conference and Exhibition, May 28th –June 1st 2000, Sun City, South Africa (Proceedings also available on Website and on CD Rom )

78. June 2000: (With Vasagie Moodley). An Analysis and Assessment of the New Environmental Management Act No. 107 of 1998 on various Economic Sectors in South Africa. Proceedings of the Water Institute of Southern Africa (WISA 2000) Biennial Conference and Exhibition, May 28th –June 1st 2000, Sun City, South Africa (Proceedings also available on Website and on CD Rom)

79. March 2000. (With Ms A.Moteetee, Ms M. Mthwalo, Mvuma, GG, and K. Khalema) Water Pollution Assessment in Maseru Urban Area. Paper Presented at the Second International Conference and Exhibition on Integrated Environmental Management in South Africa 27-29th March 2000, East London, South Africa.

80. March 2000: (With Ms PQ Ntsele). Strategies for Recycling Tyres – Case Study in KwaZulu Natal. Paper Presented at the Second International Conference and Exhibition on Integrated Environmental Management in South Africa 27-29th March 2000, East London, South Africa.

81. February 2000. The Impact of Human Activities on the Quality of Lake Victoria – A Case Study. Proceedings of the 6th International conference -Joint Specialised Conference on Particle Removal from Dams and reservoirs. 15-18th February 2000, Durban, South Africa. 

82. October 1999: (With CS Magagula). Strategies for Management of Odour Problems at Landfill Sites. Proceedings of the Seventh International Waste and Landfill Symposium, 4-8th October 1999, Cagliari, Italy.

83. October 1999: (With Noel Reddy). Selection and Design of a Sanitary Landfill Site for the Greater Durban Metropolitan Area (South Africa) - A Case Study. Proceedings of the Seventh International Waste and Landfill Symposium, 4-8th October 1999, Cagliari, Italy.

84. June 1999: Waste Management in selected SADC Countries (South Africa and Lesotho) Priorities and Research Needs as we Move into the 21st Century. Proceedings of the Fourth International Waste Management Congress, 21-25th June 1999, Gaborone, Botswana.

85. June 1999: (With PK Pholoto). Waste Management Practices at Informal Settlements - Bester Case Study. Proceedings of the Fourth International Waste Management Congress, 21-25th June 1999, Gaborone, Botswana.

86. May 1999: (With CS Magagula). Strategies for Management of Odour Problems at Landfill Sites. Proceedings of the 3rd Environmental Engineering Conference, at Kwa Maritine, North West Province, South Africa 27-28" May 1999.

87. December 1998: (With LK Chauke). Improvement of Environmental Health and Hygiene Practices - Case Study of Northern Province, South Africa. Pg. 49-53. Proceedings of the 10th ITN Africa Conference (Water and Environmental Sanitation in Low Income Urban Areas), 30th November – 3rd December 1998, Nairobi, Kenya.

88. December 1998: (With MA Mathekgana). Determination of Sanitation and Hygiene Practices in the Rural Areas of the Northern Province, South Africa. Pg. 45-49. Proceedings of the 10th ITN Africa Conference (Water and Environmental Sanitation in Low Income Urban Areas), 30th November – 3rd December 1998, Nairobi, Kenya.

89. December 1998: (With N. Kibata and CA Buckley). Modelling Internet Based Communication for Water and Sanitation: Information Needs. Pg. 37-39. Proceedings of the 10th ITN Africa Conference (Water and Environmental Sanitation in Low Income Urban Areas), 30th November 3rd December 1998, Nairobi, Kenya.

90. December 1998. (With N Kibata and CA Buckley). The Promotion of the Internet as a Source of Information on Water and Sanitation, WRC Report No. K5/735/0/1, Pretoria, South Africa.

91. October 1998: “Waste Management (Recycling and Reuse) in Lesotho - With Special Emphasis on Creation of Jobs: The Case of Maseru and Maputsoe”. Pg. 65-81, Proceedings of the Fourteenth Congress - New Perspectives in Waste Management, The Institute of Waste Management, SA. Kempton Park, Johannesburg, South Africa. 12-15th October 1998.

92. September 1998: (With N. Kibata and CA Buckley). “The Internet and Computing in the next Millennium and Beyond: Opportunities and Challenges for the Water and Sanitation Sector”. Proceedings of the IT beyond 2000 Conference, SAICE Twentieth Annual Symposium on Computers in Engineering. 30th September 1998, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

93. May 1998: “Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes in Developing Countries”. Paper Presented at the Commonwealth Training Workshop on Waste Management, University of Botswana, 25-29th May 1998, Botswana.

94. May 1998: (With N. Kibata, and CA Buckley). “Can the Internet be a Useful Tool for Enhancing the Effective Delivery of Services in Water and Sanitation Sectors of Developing Countries?” Proceedings of the Institute of Southern Africa (WISA) Bi-Annual conference, 4-7 h May 1998, Cape Town, South Africa. Pgs2G1.

95. November 1997: “Early Warning Monitoring Systems for Water Pollution Control - Constraints and Suggestions for Improvements”. Proceedings of the South African Institution of Civil Engineers Conference for Geology for Engineering, Urban Planning and the Environment, Session Five, Pgs P 1- 1 5, November 1997, South Africa.

96. September 1997: “Evaluation of Treatment Options and Efficiency of Tannery Wastewaters - Case Study”. Proceedings of the International Association on Water Quality Conference on Chemical Process Industries and Environmental Management, Pg. P6.15, September, 1997, Cape Town, South Africa.

97. October 1996: “Environmental Issues in Arid and Semi Arid Lands - Case Study of West Pokot District, Kenya”. Proceedings of the 2nd Environmental Management, Technology and Development Conference, Gauteng, SA, 7-8th October 1996.

98. September 1996: “Waste Management - The Underfunded Component in Local Authorities -Case Study”. Proceedings of Wastecon - 1996: International Conference on Waste Management - Waste Management in Crisis, Pg. 373 - 383, 17-20th September 1996, Durban, South Africa.

99. May 1996: “Urban runoff from consecutive storms in Nairobi, Kenya”. Poster Paper presented at WISA 96, on 20 - 23 May 1996 in Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

100. October 1995: “Pollution Effects of Dandora Landfill Leachate on Nairobi River: A Case Study”. Proceedings of the Fifth International Landfill Symposium, Pg 559- 566, Cagliari, Italy, 2 - 6th October 1995.

101. September 1995: “The Role of Industries in Sustaining Water Quality”. Proceedings of the 21st WEDC International Conference on Sustainability of Water and Sanitation Systems, Pg 144 -146, 8th September 1995, Kampala, Uganda.

102. September 1995: “Masinga Reservoir in Kenya: A Case study of Sedimentation Problems”. Proceedings of the Seventh South African national Hydrology Symposium, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, 4 -6th September 1995, SA.

103. July 1995: “Environmental Problems of Lake Victoria Region of Kenya -A Case Study”. Proceedings of the First South African International Geography Conference, Durban, South Africa, July 10 - 14th 1995.

104. August 1993: “Quantity and Quality of Runoff in Nairobi: The Wasted Resource”. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Rainwater Catchment Systems, Pg. 379 3 88, 1 - 6th, August 1993, Nairobi, Kenya.

105. August 1993: “Overview of Quality Issues Related to Rainwater Harvesting”. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Rainwater Catchment Systems, Pg. 377 378, 1 - 6th, August 1993, Nairobi, Kenya.

106. May 1992: "Environmental Problems of Coastal Areas: The Case of Mombasa and Its Environs", Proceedings of the International Workshop on Urban and Regional Planning of Mombasa and the Coastal Region, Kenya, 18th-21st May 1992, Mombasa Kenya.

107. August 1991: (With J. G. Ndiritu). "Water Quality Modelling in Kenya", Proceedings 17th WEDC Conference on Infrastructure, Environment, Water and People, Pg. 143 - 146, UN Accommodation, Gigiri, Nairobi, 19-23rd August 1991.

108. August 1991: (With J. S. Kilani). "Pollution Effects of Brewery Wastes: Ruaraka River", Proceedings 17th WEDC Conference on Infrastructure, Environment, Water and People, Pg. 17 20, UN Accommodation, Gigiri, Nairobi, 19-23rd August 199 1.

109. August 1991: "RBC's or Porous Pots for Textile Wastes Treatment", Proceedings 17th WEDC Conference on Infrastructure, Environment, Water and People, Pgs 171 - 174, LIN Accommodation, Gigiri, Nairobi, 19-23rd August 199 1.

110. July 1991: "Toxic Wastes Management: Public Health Problems and Possible solutions", Proceedings of the Environment and Development Session of the World Conference of Philosophy, Philosophy, Man and the Environment, July 21-25th, 1991, Kenyatta International Conference Centre, Nairobi, Kenya.

111. April 1991: "Treatment of High Strength Textile Wastewaters: The Case of RBC's and Porous Pots", Paper presented at International Conference on Environmental Pollution, Lisbon, Portugal, April 1991.

112. December 1990: "Forecasting Heavy Metal Removal by Solid wastes from Landfill Leachate using Empirical Models", Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Solid Waste Management and Secondary Materials, Philadelphia, PA, USA. December 4-7, 1990.

113. October 1989: "Leachate Recycling and Treatment Studies", Proceedings of the Northeast Branch of the Institute of Solid Wastes Management, 13th October 1989, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK.

114. October 1989: "Leachate Recirculation as a Landfill Management Option." Proceedings of the Second International Landfill Symposium, Vol. 2, Pgs C.XII, 9-13, October, 1989, Sardinia, Italy.

115. April 1989: "The Environmental Education in African Countries: The Kenyan Case as an Example." Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Technology for Teacher Education (PATT-4), Pgs 213 - 224, April 1989, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.

116. April 1988: "Technology as a School subject: The Kenyan Experience." Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Basic Principles of School Technology, (PATT-3), Pgs 189 -196, April 1988, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.

117. April 1987: "The Need for a Comprehensive Technology Curriculum at Teacher Training Level in Kenya." Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Pupils Attitudes Towards Technology (PAIT-2), Pgs 389 - 383, April, 1987, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.

118. December, 1986: "Sisal -Cement Building Technologies: The Kenyan Experience". Proceedings of MTEC 86, Conference on Materials, Construction Techniques and Construction Economy in Developing Countries, December 1986, Paris, France.

119. September 1986: "The Need for an Explicit Science and Technology Policy in Kenya." Proceedings of the World Conference on Interactions of R&D Institutes with Local Industry, World Association of Industrial and Technological Research Organizations (WAITRO), 1986, Aarhus, Denmark.

120. April 1986: "Some Factors in the Measurements of Pupils' Attitude to Technology in the Third World Context. Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Pupils' Attitudes towards Technology (PATT-1), Pg. 82 - 89, April, 1986, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.

121. November, 1985: "Sisal Cement Sheets as an Alternative Low Cost Building Material in Kenya", Proceedings of the Regional Seminar on Spontaneous and Low Cost Housing, Pg. 117 - 123, organized by UNESCO, November, 1985, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

122. November 1985: "Possible Organization Strategy to Combat Groundwater Pollution from Waste Disposal Sites in Kenya", Proceedings for the Second World Congress on Engineering and Environment, Pg. 3.3-01 - 3.3-06, organized by the World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO), November 1985, New Delhi, India.

123. August, 1985: "The Needs of Industry in a Developing Country", Proceedings of the International Conference on Science and Technology Education and Future Human Needs, Organized by the International Council for Scientific Unions, August 1985, Bangalore, India.

11. Publications: Papers in Unreferenced Proceedings of International Conferences

1. September 1984: Status of Technology in Kenya. Proceedings of the 2nd National and Regional Training Workshop in Appropriate Technology for Engineers, Designers and Technologists. 10 - 18 September 1984, Lusaka, Zambia.

2. October 1985: Evaluation of Sisal Cement Technologies: Dissemination of Low Cost Technology and the Effectiveness of Training, Proceedings of the East African Technology Policy Studies Regional Workshop, organized by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), October 1985, Lusaka, Zambia.

12. Papers To Be Presented At Forthcoming International Conferences / Workshops / Symposium / Seminars

Content of this page will be updated soon

13. Publications: Papers In Refereed Proceedings Of National Conferences

1. February 1993: Sedimentation Problems of Masinga Reservoir, Proceedings of the 4th National Workshop on Land and Water Management, Sigona, Nairobi, Kenya, 15 - 19th February 1993.

2. November 1992: "Environmental Issues Related to the Jua Kali Activities, Proceedings of the Annual National Jua Kali Symposium, 3-4th November 1992, Kakamega, Kenya.

3. September 1992: Quality of Urban Runoff in Nairobi, Proceedings of the 2nd National Conference on Rainwater Harvesting Systems, Pgs 143 - 151, August 31 -Sept. 4th, 1992, UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya.

4. November 1991: Assessment of Pollution Status of Nairobi River: An Overview, Proceedings of Seminar on Water, Health and The Environment, Pgs 169 - 174. Kenya Water Institute, November 25-29th, 1991, Nairobi, Kenya.

5. November 1991: The Question of Efficiency and Transfer of Technology Within the Jua Kali Sector in Kenya, Proceedings of the Central Provincial Jua Kali Annual Exhibition and Symposium, 14-16th, November, 199 1, Nyeri, Kenya.

6. May 1991: Problems Associated with Solid Waste Management in Nairobi - Kenya, Proceedings of a Seminar on Municipal Waste Management in Developing Countries, Pg. 24-36, Kenya Water Institute and German Cultural Centre, Nairobi, 6-8th May, 1991. 

7. October 1990: Pollution: What is the Position in Kenya?, An Overview Paper. Proceedings of Environment 2000 -Conference on Kenya's State of the Environment, Pg. 57 - 61, 23-27 October 1990, Nairobi, Kenya.

8. August 1990: Solid Waste Management: Is it an Engineering Problem or Not? Proceedings of a Seminar on Engineering for Rural Development, Dept. of Agricultural Engineering, University of Nairobi, August 1-3, 1990, Kabete, Kenya.

9. October 1990: Public Health and Environmental Impacts of Hazardous Waste Disposal, Proceedings of Environment 2000 - Conference on Kenya's, State of Environment, UN Accommodation Centre, Gigiri, 23-27 October, 1990, Nairobi, Kenya.

10. October 1990: Poison in the River System - How safe are our River Systems? Proceedings of Environment 2000 - conference on Kenya’s State of the Environment, UN Accommodation Centre, Gigiri, 23-27 October 1990, Nairobi, Kenya.

11. September 1985: Water, Sanitation and Health, Proceedings of the Journalist's Workshop on Environment and Development, organized by Kenya Energy Non- Governmental Organization (KENGO), September 1985, Homa Bay, Kenya.

14. Publications: Papers In Unrefereed Proceedings Of National Conferences

1. June1985: Wood Energy Technologies: Technical, Social and Commercial Issues, Proceedings of the Consultative Meeting on the Expansion of Junior Polytechnic Curriculum to incorporate aspects and skills on Woodfuel Technologies, organized by Kenya Energy Non-Governmental Organization (KENGO), June 1985, Kakamega, Kenya.

2. October 1982: Water Technology, Proceedings of the Indigenous Technology Workshop, Appropriate Technology Centre, Kenyatta University, October 1982, Nairobi, Kenya.

15. Publications: Papers Presented At Professional Public Lectures

1. October 2002: Keynote address to the South African Institute of Electrical Engineers (SAIEE) Annual Banquet held on the 18th October 2002 at the Wanderers Club, Johannesburg South Africa entitled: “Why Many African Countries Fail Economically- Lessons Learnt and Proposals to avoid these pitfalls”

2. July 1999: Lecture on Essentials of Water Supply and Sanitation in Developing Communities, Lecture given to Postgraduate Students in the Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa.

3. February 1999: A Series of Lectures in Project Management to Public Health Practitioners at a Summer School organised by esaTI at the University of Natal, Durban.

4. August 1998: Environmental Problems in Arid and Semi Arid Areas - Strategies for Dealing with These, Inaugural Lecture presented to the Public at the Senate Chambers, University of Durban-Westville, Durban, South Africa. 25th August 1998.

5. September 1992: Science and Technology as an Impetus to Industrialisation: The Case of Kenya, Paper presented as a Public Lecture at ICIPE Public Lecture Series, 29th September 1992, Nairobi, Kenya. 

6. February 1992: Urbanization and Industrial Development: Its Effects on the Environment, Publication, Global Environmental Concerns: Impact on Kenya, Museum Society of Kenya Lecture Series, Pg. 41 - 48, Nairobi, Kenya, 1992

16. Invited Keynote Addresses

1.September 2009: Africa's Challenges and Opportunities of Building Knowledge Societies. Keynote address at the Uganda National Science and Technology Policy Dialogue, 24-25th September 2009, Speke Resort, Munyonyo, Kampala, Uganda.

2.September 2009: (With Adeyemo J. A.) An overview of challenges and opportunities of water management in Africa. Keynote address at Vaal University of Technology.

3.November 2008: Keynote Address on Challenges facing a modern university and how to position it for excellence- Public Lecture given at Strathmore University, Nairobi, Kenya.

4.May 2007: Keynote address on being Inaugurated as the President of the Water Institute of Southern Africa (WISA) for 2007/2008 - Integrated Water Resources Management- Issues and challenges for Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa.

5.October 2003: Inaugural Professorial Address - Environmental Challenges of Arid and Semi Arids areas and Proposed Mitigation Measures at the Technikon Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

6.November 2002: Inaugural Professorial Address at the Technikon Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

7.February 1997: Inaugural Professorial Address at the University of Durban Westville, Durban, South Africa.

17. Professional Reports Presented As Publications:

1. August 1999: Engineering Council of South Africa Accreditation Report for the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban-Westville, August 1999 Durban South Africa.

2. July 1999: Critical Analysis of the University of Durban-Westville and how it can position it to succeed in the Higher Education sector in South Africa. July 1999. Durban South Africa.

3. May 1999: The South African Higher Education Industry Analysis. A Report that critically evaluated the problems and issues that face the higher education industry in South Africa and identifying the various success factors that need to be addressed if universities are to succeed. May 1999. Durban, South Africa.

4. December 1998: (With N Kibata and CA Buckley). The Promotion of the Internet as a Source of Information on Water and Sanitation, WRC Report No. K5/735/0/1, Pretoria, South Africa

5. July, 1997: Waste Water or Industrial Effluent Discharge Guidelines for Kingdom of Lesotho. Consultant Report for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), New York, and the Government of the Kingdom of Lesotho, 1997

6. July, 1997: Water Quality Guidelines for the Government of the Kingdom of Lesotho. Consultant Report for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), New York, and the Government of the Kingdom of Lesotho, 1997

7. August 1996: Engineering Council of South Africa Accreditation Report for the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban-Westville,. Report submitted to the Engineering Council of South Africa and used for Successfully accrediting the Department of Civil Engineering (Full Accreditation). August 1996. Durban South Africa.

8. September 1994: Waste Management (Recycling and Reuse) in Lesotho - With Special Emphasis on Creation of Jobs: The Case of Maseru and Maputsoe. Report Presented to The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Maseru, Lesotho, 1994.

9. May 1993: Resource Management and its Implications to Desertification in Kenya Water Resources. Consultant Report commissioned by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Presented to the National Workshop to Formulate Kenya's Position to the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) for the Convention to Combat Desertification.

10. April 1993: Concept Paper Prepared for WHO and UNEP entitled: Constraints and Requirements of Developing Countries in the Establishment of Early Warning Monitoring Systems for Water Quality with Particular emphasis on Capacity Building and Needs for External Support. April 1993.

11. March 1993: Concept Paper Prepared for WHO and UNEP entitled: Review and Compilation of Documentation of Land Based Sources of Pollution as Available at UNEP's OCA/PAC with special emphasis on River Flux of Pollutants to the Oceans and with relevance to Future GEMS/WATER activities. March 1993.

12. June 1992: An Economic Comparison of Wastewater Treatment Alternatives, Report Presented to the United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, Kenya.

18. Unpublished Reports

1. May 1989: Otieno FAO (1989). Impact of Recirculation on Landfill Leachate Quality, Ph.D Thesis, Division of Environmental Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK.

2. September 1986: Otieno FAO (1986). Evaluation of Sisal-Cement Building Technologies in Kenya, Final Research Report presented to the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Regional Office, September 1986, Nairobi, Kenya.

3. January 1985: Otieno FAO (1985). Report on the Summary of Activities encountered at various Institutions of Technology during my Study Tour of S.E. Asia (India, Thailand and The Philippines.) Presented to the Engineering Research and Services Section UNESCO, January 1985, Paris, France.

4. October 1984: Otieno FAO (1984). Report on a Summary of Activities during the 2nd National and Regional Training Workshop in Appropriate Technology for Engineers, Designers, and Technologists, (10-18 Sept. 1984, Lusaka, Zambia) and the Second African Exhibition in Rural Technology and Development (19-23 Sept. 1984, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe). Presented to UNESCO Regional Office, Nairobi, Kenya.

5. September 1982: Otieno FAO (1982). Water Technology: Collection, Purification and Storage, Paper presented at the Joint workshop on Appropriate Technology by the Appropriate Technology Centre and Daystar Communications Centre September 1982, Nairobi, Kenya.

6. June 1982: Otieno FAO (1982). Review of Groundwater Pollution from Waste Disposal Sites in Kenya, June 1982, Nairobi, Kenya

7. May 1982: Otieno FAO (1982). Treatment and Disposal of Wastewater and Refuse in a Developing Country within the Tropics, May 1982 Nairobi, Kenya.

8. September 1981: Otieno FAO (1981). Critical study of Alternatives to Centralized Waterborne Sewerage for urban and Rural Areas: Engineering Feasibility and Economics, Illustrated by Case Studies." M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, September 1981, England.

9. July 1979: Otieno FAO (1979). A Nail Connection: Detailed Design, Construction, and Testing, A final year Civil Engineering Project at the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nairobi. July 1979, Nairobi, Kenya.

19. Research Projects Undertaken

1. Evaluation of Sisal Cement Building Technologies in Kenya.

2. Science and Technology Policy in Kenya.

3. Solid Waste Management Problems in Selected Towns of Kenya.

4. Quality and Quantity of Runoff in Selected Streets of Nairobi.

5. Study of Early Warning Monitoring Systems for Water Quality in Developing Countries.

6. Study of Pollution of Oceans by Land Based Sources of Pollutants.

7. Pollution of Nairobi River by Dandora Solid Waste Disposal Tip.

8. Research on the Possibility of Reuse of Wastewater from Kariobangi Sewage Treatment Works.

9. Pollution Profiles of selected Rivers Flowing through Nairobi, Kenya.

10. Environmental Impact Assessment for various organizations

11. Development and Implementation of Environmental Management Systems (EMS) for various sectors of the economy

12. Urban Environmental Issues in Kenya.

13. Environmental Issues of Arid and Semi Arid Areas of Kenya.

14. Sedimentation Problems of Masinga Reservoir, Kenya.

15. Urban Hydrology in Selected Watersheds in Nairobi, Kenya.

16. Optimisation of Chemicals Used in Coagulation Flocculation Process: A Case Study of Sabaki Water Works, Mombasa, Kenya.

17. The Use of a Reservoir for Urban Water Supply: Case Study of Mbale Town, Uganda.

18. Studies on Characteristics and Treatment of Tannery Wastewaters: Case Study of Leather Industries of Kenya.

19. Integration of Urban Wastewater and Agricultural Reuse: The Case of Kariobangi, Nairobi, Kenya.

20. Preparation of Environmental Action Plans

21. Preparation of State of the Environment Reports for Local Authorities, Municipalities, and Countries

22. General Environmental Awareness and Capacity Building in Environmental Matters and compliance

20. Proposed Research Or Research In Progress:

1. Quantity and Quality of Runoff due to Consecutive Storms in Selected Streets of Selected Towns in SA.

2. Urban Hydrology Research for Flooding and Pollution Control: A Case Study of Selected Watersheds in SA.

3. Comprehensive Study of Scientific, Technological and Environmental Problems Experienced within the Informal Sector in South Africa: The Case of Efficiency and Transfer of Technology.

4. Pollution Problems in Selected Catchments in Certain Areas of South Africa.

5. Solid Waste Management Problems in Urban and Semi Urban Settlements in South Africa (With Special Emphasis to informal settlements).

6. Environmental Action Plans for Selected Areas of South Africa.

7. Water Pollution Control in Selected catchments in South Africa.

8. Water Resources Management in Selected Areas in South Africa.

9. Integrated Environmental Management in South Africa

10. Water Quality Management in South Africa

11. Environmental Management awareness and incorporation of this with industrial activities 

12. Environment and Industry- Co-existence

21. Major Consultancies/Assignments

1. 1984-1994: Consultant to Kenya Environmental Non-Governmental Organization (KENGO) on environmental and energy issues.

2. 1984-1994: Member of the Kenya Interministerial Committee on the Environment, Government of Republic of Kenya.

3. 1984 - 1994: Advisor to the Kenyan Delegation to United Nations Environment Programme Governing Council meetings.

4. 1984 - 2000: World Bank Roster of Consultants in Water Resources and Environmental Management.

5. May - October 1990: Member of the Technical Committee and Co-ordinator of Pollution for the Environment 2000 - Conference on Kenya's State of the Environment, Nairobi, Kenya.

6. November 1990 - April 1994: National Chairperson of Kenya's Committee for the Eastern and Southern Africa Technology Policy Studies (EATPS) network for Kenya, International Development Research Centre and Carnegie Corporation Nairobi, Kenya.

7. April 1994 - December 1995: Member of the Steering Committee of the African Technology Policy Studies Network, International Development Research Centre, Ford Foundation and Rockfeller Foundation of New York.

8. November 1990 - 2000: UNEP Roster of Consultants in Water Resources and Environmental Management.

9. November 1990 - September 1991: Member of the International Organizing Committee of the 17th WEDC Conference on Infrastructure, Environment, Water and People, Nairobi, Kenya.

10. January 1984 - September 1994: Member of the Inter-ministerial Committee on Environment, National Environment Secretariat, Government of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.

11. March 1991: Certificate of attendance British Council Course "The Law of the Environment: Current Issues and New Directions." Windsor, London, England.

12. June 1991: Chairman, Organizing Committee of the International Workshop on Science and Technology Policy for the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and Carnegie Corporation, Nairobi, Kenya.

13. January -July 1991: Attended National Preparatory Meeting for the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Brazil. Chairman for Working Group II - Protection of the Quality and Supply of Freshwaters, Oceans and all Kinds of Seas and Coastal areas and Environmentally Sound Management of wastes particularly hazardous wastes and of toxic chemicals as well as the prevention of illegal international traffic in toxic and dangerous products and wastes. By the National Environment Secretariat, Held at the REEF Hotel, Mombasa, Kenya.

14. September 1991 -February 1992: Committee Member and Chairman of the Technical Committee of Organizing Committee of Workshop on "Mathematical Modelling of Groundwater Resources", of The Commonwealth Science Council and The National Council of Science and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya.

15. February 1992 - 2010: Roster of Consultants in Solid Waste Management, Sanitation and Sewage Disposal / Storm Water Drainage for United Nations Centre For Human Settlements (Habitat), Nairobi, Kenya.

16. February 1992 - 2000: Roster of Consultants in Science and Technology Policy, Environmental Management, Water and Wastewater Engineering for Commonwealth Science Council, London, UK.

17. June 1992 - August 1994: Member of the Organizing Committee and the Secretary to the Technical Committee of the 2nd National and 6th International Conference on Rainwater Harvesting Systems, Nairobi, Kenya.

18. September 1992 - September 1994: Guest Editor of Special Issue of the African Urban Quarterly Journal on "Urban Environment Problems in Africa."

19. August 1992 - September 1994: Consultant to special task force on Drought and Desertification for the Kenyan Report on UN Conference on Drought and Desertification.

20. January 1992 - December 1992: Consultant for District Specific Environmental Action Plan for Arid and Semi Arid Lands: Baringo, West Pokot, and Turkana, Kenya, for the World Bank.

21. January 1993 - April 1993: Consultant for Early Water Pollution Warning Systems for Developing Countries and Ocean Pollution Control for WHO and UNEP.

22. January 1994 - September 1994: Consultant to the Kenya Government on the Preparation of the National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP) report, Government of Kenya.

23. January 1994- December 1994: Consultant to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), New York, and the Government of the Kingdom of Lesotho on Waste Management (Recycling and Reuse) in Lesotho - With Special Emphasis on Creation of Jobs: The Case of Maseru and Maputsoe. Report Prepared, Discussed with Stakeholders and Finally Presented to The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Maseru, Lesotho, 1994.

24. January 1997 - December 1998: Consultant to the United Nations Development Programme LJNDP), New York, and the Government of the Kingdom of Lesotho on WasteWater or Industrial Effluent Discharge Standards for Kingdom of Lesotho. Report in the form of Standards Prepared and Presented at various Discussion Groups and Workshops in Lesotho, and Final Consultant Report presented to the United Nations Development Programme UNDP), New York, and the Government of the Kingdom of Lesotho, 1998.

25. January 1997 - December 1998: Consultant to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), New York, and the Government of the Kingdom of Lesotho on Water Quality Guidelines for the Government of the Kingdom of Lesotho. Report in the form of Guidelines Prepared and Presented at various Discussion Groups and Workshops in Lesotho, and Final Consultant Report for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), New York, and the Government of the Kingdom of Lesotho, 1998

26. October 2001-February 2002: Lead Technical Reviewer of Publication on Sustainability of Water Resources Management in Southern Africa by the World Bank Water Resources Division, Washington DC, USA, October 2001-February 2002.

27. October 2002-2004: Consultant and International Expert (By United Nations Industrial Development Organization- UNIDO) on the Development and implementation of Environmental Management Systems (EMS) for various industrial sectors in the Republic of the Sudan (October 2002-March 2003)

28. November 2002- 2004: Consultant and Advisor to Mogalakwena Municipality (Limpopo Province of South Africa) on Environmental Impact Assessment and the Application of License for Proposed Wastewater Treatment Plant extension

22. Theses Supervised

22.1 M.Sc Theses:

1. Solid Wastes Management in Nairobi Metropolis. By J. Mwangi Gicheha, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nairobi, 1991.

2. Reservoir Sedimentation and Related Implications: A Case Study of Masinga Dam. J.M. Ndambuki Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nairobi, 1991.

3. Comparison of a Probability Matrix and a Simulation Method of Reservoir Capacity Determination by J. G. Ndiritu, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nairobi, 1992.

4. Sedimentation in Masinga Reservoir. By S. M. Maingi, 1991.

5. Pollutional Effects of Brewery Effluent in Ruiruaka River. By Purity Waweru, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nairobi, 1993.

6. Optimization of Flocculation Process with Respect to the Physical Parameters. By Paito Obote, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nairobi, 1994.

7. Evaluating the Performance of Water Treatment Works: The Case of Sabaki Treatment Works. By Moses Kinya, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nairobi, 1994.

8. A Study of Optimization of Treatment Process in Tannery Wastewater: The Case of Kenya Leather Industries, Thika. By Kibue, M. N. Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nairobi, 1994.

9. Water and Environmental Sanitation for Urban Communities in Developing Countries: Information Server. by Ndirangu Kibata, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, January 1996.

10. Water Pollution Control in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: A Case Study. By Neil Sankar, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, February, 1996.

11. Water Supply in Rural KwaZulu Natal - Issues and Constraints. By Urvassi Hurburun, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, Graduated 1998.

12. Improvements and the Design of Wastewater pipeline for Existing Lower Durban Areas., Durban, South Africa, by Fakir, Mahesh, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, 1998.

13. Improvement of Environmental Health and Hygiene Practices: A Case Study in the Northern Province, South Africa. By LK Chauke, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, 1999.

14. Determination of Sanitation and Hygiene Practices in the Central Region of the Northern Province, South Africa. By MA Mathekgana, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, 1999

15. Collaborative Research in Waste Management - Case Study of Tyre Disposal at Landfill Sites, Durban, South Africa. By PQ Ntsele, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, 1999

16. Waste Management at Informal Settlements- Case off Durban Informal Settlements, South Africa. By P. Pholoto, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, 1999.

17. An Investigation into the Water Quality in Schools in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. By Priya Saroop, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, 1999

18. The magnitude of and the implications of Environmental Legislation on Selected Industries in South Africa. By Mohammed Dildar, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, 1999

19. Effects of synthetic Organic Oils on Hydrogen Sulphide Gas and Microbial Organisms found in Landfills. By CS Magagula, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, 1999

20. An Investigation of Issues pertaining to the compliance of Pollution Control Mechanisms by Industries in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, Ms Kuteesa Miriam R, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, 2000.

21. Investigations into Water Tarriffs and the issues of sustainability of Rural Water Supplies in KwaZulu Natal, Eastern Cape and Northern Provinces of South Africa, Mwangi, P.N Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, 2000.

22. An Analysis and assessment of the New National Environmental Management Act No. 107 of 1998 on various Economic Sectors in South Africa with special emphasis on KwaZulu Natal, Moodley, Vasagie, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, 2000. 

23. An Assessment of Water services in a Peri Urban Area of Umtata (Case Study) in South Africa. Ntuli, Mzwabantu, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, 2001.

24. Water Demand Management Strategies- The case of the Western Cape, South Africa. Carol Ogutu. Department of Civil Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa. 2007.

25. Functionalsed Natural Zeolite and its Potential for Treating Drinking Water Containing Excess Amount of Nitrate. Mike Masukume. Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa. Graduated with Distinction in September 2010 (Co Supervisor with Prof Maurice Onyango)

26. Is Climate Change a Threat to Water Availability in the Vaal River Basin? Haji Huzefa, Tshwane University of Technology. Graduated with Distinction in May 2011

27. Eric Akivaga (started 2008): Scenario Analysis of Water Resources Management in Perkerra Catchment, Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, Moi University, Kenya), Graduated in December 2010

28. Ms Taile Yvonne Leswifi : Removal of Lead, Fluoride and Chromium from Water Using Metal Oxide Nanostructured Adsorbents. MTech, Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa. Completed- Graduated in May 2011), Articulated to Doctoral Studies at Michigan Technical University in the USA. (Co Supervisor with Prof Maurice Onyango)

29. Ms Denga Makhwedzha: Mechanisms and Sorptive Response Profiles of Single-Adsorbent and Mixed-Adsorbents in the Removal of Excess Fluoride from South African Drinking Water. MTech, Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa. Graduated in May 2011. (Co Supervisor with Prof Maurice Onyango)

30. Cyprian Murutu: Development of Novel Point-of-Use Systems based on Mixed Adsorbents for Defluoridation of Drinking Water. MTech, Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa. (Graduated with Distinction in September 2010, (Co Supervisor with Prof Maurice Onyango)

31. Vincent Ojijo: Biological Treatment of a Mixture of Nutrient Rich and Nutrient Deficient Wastewaters. MTech, Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa. (Graduated with Distinction in September 2010. Articulated to doctoral studies in 2011) (Co Supervisor with Prof Maurice Onyango)

32. Katlego Setshedi: Biocompatible Hydrotalcite-like Nanostructured Materials for Heavy Metals Removal from Industrial Wastewater. MTech Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa. (graduated September, 2011) (Co Supervisor with Prof Maurice Onyango)

Masters Thesis Supervision in Progress/Not Completed

33. Innocent Rangeti (2011): Determinants of key drivers for potable water treatment cost in uMngeni basin. Department of Civil Engineering and Surveying, Durban University of Technology, Durban.

34. OYEBODE, Oluwaseun Kunle (2012): River flow modelling as affected by Climate change in the Orange River of South Africa. Department of Civil Engineering and Surveying, Durban University of Technology, Durban.

22.2 PhD Theses:

1. Water and Environmental Sanitation for Urban Communities in Developing Countries: Information Server. by Ndirangu Kibata, University of Durban Westville, (Graduated 2001).

2. Waste management Issues - The possibility of Jobs Creation and Improvement of Quality of service in Maseru, Lesotho. By GG Mvuma, University of Durban, Westville, (Graduated 2002).

3. Modelling for intercatchment water quality management: A case of upper, middle and lower Vaal water management areas. By GMM Ochieng, Tshwane University of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, South Africa. (Graduated 2008)

4. Waste Minimization Strategy for City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Area. By Oluwatoyin Taiwo. Department of Civil Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa. (Graduated 2009)

5. Application of Differential Evolution to Water Resources Management By Josiah Adeyemo. Department of Civil Engineering. Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa. (Graduated 2010) 

6. Building Construction Technologies for marginalized Communities, by BW Wekesa, Department of Civil Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa. (Graduated in May 2010). 

7. Costing Model for Water Quality Management in the Vaal River Catchment. By Bloodless Dwzairo Department of Civil Engineering. Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa. (Graduated in September 2011)

8. Developing Optimal Design Parameters for the Design and Construction of Sand Dams as an Alternative Source of Water Supply By Olufayo Olufisayo Akinlolu. Department of Civil Engineering. Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa. (Started March 2008).

9. Strategies for the reduction of municipal solid waste streams. By Patrick Ranthako, Started March 2004 – In Progress. Tshwane University of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, South Africa.

10. Remote sensing and GIS computational tools for environmental impact assessment, analysis and modelling of vaal harts irrigation scheme, South Africa by Olumuyiwa Idowu Ojo. Department of Civil Engineering. Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa. (started March, 2009 – To Graduate in May 2013).

11. Oluwatosin Olofintoye (2011): Development of ANN supervised DE for water management in South Africa. Department of Civil Engineering and Surveying, Durban University of Technology, Durban. (Started 2011).

12. Nkwonta Onyeka Ifeanyi (2011): Optimising reservoir operational rule curves for Inanda dam, uMngeni basin. Department of Civil Engineering and Surveying, Durban University of Technology, Durban. (Started 2011).

23. Curriculum Development

1.1979 - 1994:

Development of Various Curriculum for both Ordinary and Higher Diploma in Water Engineering and other Civil Engineering Subjects for the Kenya Institute of Education (National Polytechnics, and other Institutes of Technology).

2. 1991:

Curriculum Development for Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nairobi (Revisions), Kenya.

3. 1991:

Postgraduate Curriculum Development for Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nairobi (Revisions), Kenya.

4. 1992:

Curri

ulum Development for Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya.

5. 1993:

Curriculum Development for Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, (Water related Courses), Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya.

6. 1994:

Curriculum Development for Department of Civil Engineering, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya.

7. 1994:

Curriculum Development for Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban-Westville, Durban South Africa

8. 1994:

Postgraduate Curriculum Development for Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban-Westville, Durban South Africa

9. 1994:

Curriculum Development for Department of Civil Engineering, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya.

24. Examinations

1. Examiner for the Kenya National Examinations Council for: - Physics (Ordinary Level)

2. Technical examinations at both Ordinary and Higher Diploma levels (Water Engineering Related Courses).

3. External Examiner, Kenya Polytechnic, Nairobi, Kenya (1984-1994)

4. External Examiner, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Natal, South Africa. (1996 to 1999)

5. External Examiner, Department of Civil Engineering and Surveying, ML Sultan Technikon. (1994- 1999)

6. External Examiner, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Dar- Es Salaam, Tanzania. ( June 1999 to June 2001)

7. External Examiner, Department of Structural and Civil Engineering, Moi University, Kenya. (October 1999 for Five Years)

8. External Examiner, School of Environmental Studies, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya, (Started in June 1999)

9. External Examiner, School of Environmental Sciences, University of Venda for Science and Technology, Venda, South Africa, Started May 2002 

10. External Examiner, Department of Civil Engineering, Eastern Cape Technikon (2001-2003)

25. Other Academic Responsibilities

1.Warden, Mamlaka Halls, University of Nairobi, Kenya. (1991 - 1994)

2.In charge of Environmental Engineering Laboratory, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nairobi, Kenya. (1990 - 1994)

3.Convenor, Research, Fellowship and Conference Committee, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nairobi, Kenya. (1990 - 1994)

4.Member of Student Staff Committee, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nairobi, Kenya. (1990 - 1994)

5.Member of Postgraduate and Foreign Qualifications Committee, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nairobi, Kenya. (1990 - 1994)

6.Departmental Representative to the Nuclear Science Committee of the National Council of Science and Technology, University of Nairobi, Kenya. (1990 - 1994)

7.Coordinator of the Masters Programmes in Water and Environmental Management, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Durban Westville, Durban, South Africa. (1 994 –October 1999)

8.Member of Steering Committee to several Water Research Commission Projects, South Africa. – From 1994 to Now

9.Member of Postgraduate and Research Committee, Faculty of Engineering, University of Durban-Westville, Durban, South Africa. (1995 to 1996)

10.Member of Senate of the University of Durban-Westville, Durban, South Africa.(August 1996 to October 1999)

11.Member of the University of Durban-Westville Planning Committee (January 1999 to October 1999)

12.Member of the Senate of the Technikon SA (November 1999-2001)

13.Member and Chairperson of the Divisional Committee on Staff Development, Technikon SA- November 1999- 2001

14.Member and Chairperson of the Divisional Committee on Transformation, Technikon SA (1999-2001)

15.November 1999 – August 2001: Executive Director – Engineering, Technikon SA, Florida, Johannesburg, South Africa.

16.September 2001- March 2003: Executive Dean: Engineering, Wits Technikon, Johannesburg, South Africa.

26. Some Subjects Taught at the University

1. Project Management (UG), (PG),

2. Engineering Management (UG),

3. Environmental Impact Assessment (PG),

4. Environmental Pollution and Control (PG),

5. Sustainable Development (PG),

6. Environmental Risk Assessment (PG),

7. Environmental Management (UG),8. Waste Management (PG), (UG),

9. Environmental Policy (PG),

10. Water Resources Planning and Management (PG),

11. Integrated Environmental Management (PG).

12. Environmental Auditing (PG)

13. Fluid Mechanics I and II

14. Soil Mechanics I and II

15. Hydrology 

16. Hydraulics I and II

17. Environmental Engineering I and II

18. Professional Practice

19. Introduction to Civil Engineering

27. Professional Television And Radio Presentations

1.Television Professional Views presented under the following titles:

 Water Resources and Environmental Pollution with Emphasis to Kenya.

 Science and Technology Policy and its Impact on Development with emphasis on Kenya.

 Rainwater Harvesting Technology in Kenya and the Eastern and Southern Africa Region

 Strategies for Effective Catchment Management

 Water Pollution Control with Emphasis to Kenya.

 Environmental Issues in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas: Kenya and Eastern and Southern African Region.

2. Television Programme Face to face (2 series of each half-hour).

 General Environmental Problems facing the world with examples of the Kenyan situation.

 The Impact of Catchment Management on Water Quality in the Lake Victoria Catchment Basin of Kenya.

3. Radio Talks: In the 90's (Half-hour each, done alone) 

In English. Environmental Issues in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas in Kenya.

 The Role of Science and Technology for Development.

 The Question of Quality and Efficiency within the Jua Kali Sector in Kenya.

 Environmental Issues related to the Jua Kali Sector in Kenya.

 The Impact of Catchment Management on Water Quality in the Lake Victoria Region of Kenya.

In Local dialects. (As above but under different titles.)

28. Referees

Professor Sibusiso Moyo

Director of Research and Postgraduate Support

Durban University of Technology

P.O. Box 1334 Durban 4000

South Africa

Tel: +27 31 3732576

Mobile: +27 82 9625760

Email: moyos@dut.ac.za

Prof Lourens Van Staden,

Deputy Vice Chancellor,

Tshwane University of Technology,

Private Bag, X680 Pretoria 0001

Tel (012) 3824690

Cell (082) 8532929

Email: vanStadenLR@tut.ac.za

 P. O. BOX 190-50100, Kakamega

Phone no: +254 72505222/72505223

email: info@mmust.ac.ke.

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